Categories
Health Care and Life Sciences : Biostatistics

This module focuses on inferential statistics. As a reminder, inferential statis

This module focuses on inferential statistics. As a reminder, inferential statistics are used to determine the probability that a conclusion based on analysis of data from a sample is true (Norman & Streiner, 2008). The purpose of this discussion is to show the various types of hypotheses, how to identify them in an article and the importance of “significance” and a p-value.
For this discussion, use a peer-reviewed article (focused on a health study) of your choice to:
Identify the Ho and H1
Identify and explain what “significance” is in a general sense and in your chosen article. Be sure to discuss the p-value.

Categories
Health Care and Life Sciences : Biostatistics

Suppose that a 2012 National Health Interview Survey gives the number of adults

Suppose that a 2012 National Health Interview Survey gives the number of adults in the United States
which gives the number of adults in the United States (reported in thousands) classified by their age
group, and whether or not respondents have ever been tested for HIV.
Discuss probability. What is its history? What is the theory of probability? How is it calculated? What are
the advantages and disadvantages of using this technique?
1. Identify and discuss the two major categories of probability interpretations, whose adherents possess
conflicting views about the fundamental nature of probability.
2. Based on this survey, what is the probability that a randomly selected American adult has never been
tested? Show your work. Hint: using the data in the two total rows, this would be calculated as p (NT)/(
P (NT) + p (T), where p is probability.
3. What proportion of 18- to 44-year-old Americans have never been tested for HIV? Hint: using the
values in the 18-44 cells, this would be calculated as p (NT) / (p (NT) + p (T)), where p is probability.
Show your work.
Submit your (2 pages).